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Meredith and I didn't create any of the figures or techniques described in this manual. We are relying heavily on Roundalab's manual of phase-rated figures (1998, 2003, and current Web-based editions) and ICBDA's technical manual (2005). We use all that we can pick up from our teachers and their Web sites (see our links page), from books (see below), and from many published cue sheets.

Therefore, we are happy to have anyone use this material for non-profit, educational purposes. Please let us know of your interest, give appropriate credit, and provide a link back to this site. On the other hand, please do not use this material for any commercial purpose.

Some Of Our Book and Video Sources

Acocella, Joan, 2007, Twenty-eight Artists and Two Saints, Essays, Pantheon Books, N.Y.
Aldrich, Elizabeth, 1991, From the Ballroom to Hell: Grace and Folly in Nineteenth-Century Dance, Northwestern University Press, Evanston, Ill.
Allen, Jeff, 2002, The Complete Idiot's Guide To Ballroom Dancing, Alpha Books, Indianapolis, Ind.
Anderson, Kaye, 1992, Fancy Footwork, The Art of Round Dancing, Conventions, Positions, and Terminology, 2nd ed., Dance Action, Mesa, Ariz.
Atkinson, Earl, 1979, Easy Way To Learn Hustle & Disco Dancing, Earl Atkinson, Sarasota, Fla.
Aymé, Shirley, 1996, Latin American At Its Best -- Paso Doble, © Shirley Aymé.
Aymé, Shirley, 1998, Latin American At Its Best -- Samba, Mayfair Int. Publ., Monaco.
Aymé, Shirley, 1999, Latin American At Its Best -- Rumba, Mayfair Int. Publ., Monaco. All three Aymé volumes are available from IDTA. Click and search for Aymé.
Babitz, Eve, 1999, Two by Two -- Tango, Two-Step, and the L.A. Night, Simon & Schuster, N.Y.
Blair, Skippy, 1978, On Contemporary Social Dance, Disco To Tango and Back, Plus Teacher's Breakdown for the Universal Unit System, Skippy Blair, Downey, Calif.
Bottomer, Paul, 2002, Ballroom Dancing, Sterling Publ, N.Y.
Bryant, Carl, 1953, Advanced Ballroom Dancing, C. Arthur Pearson Ltd, London.
Buckman, Peter, 1979, Let's Dance, Social, Ballroom & Folk Dancing, Penguin Books, N.Y.
Cantell, Margaret, & Paul Clements, 2000, Latin American Dancing, Teach Yourself Books, NTC/Contemporary Publ., Lincolnwood, Ill.
Carner, Mosco, 1948, The Waltz, Chanticleer Press, N.Y.
Castle, Irene, 1958, Castles in the Air, Da Capo Press, N.Y.
Castle, Vernon and Irene, 1914, Modern Dancing, reprinted by Lacis Publications, Berkeley, Cal., 1998.
Clarke, Mary and Clement Crisp, 1981, The History of Dance, Crown Publ., N.Y.
Cohen, Selma Jeanne, 2004, ed., International Encyclopedia Of Dance, Oxfort Univ. Press, N.Y.
Copeland, Roger, & Marshall Cohen, eds., 1983, What Is Dance? Readings In Theory and Criticism, Oxford Univ. Press, N.Y.
Dancetime, 2002, Dancetime DVD! 500 Years of Social Dance, Volume I: 15th – 19th Centuries, Dancetime Publ., Kentfield, Calif.
Dancetime, 199?, How To Dance Through Time, vol I, The Romance of Mid-19th Century Couple Dances, a videotape, Dancetime Publications, Kentfield, Calif.
Dancetime, 199?, How To Dance Through Time, vol II, Dances of Ragtime Era: 1910-1920, a videotape, Dancetime Publications, Kentfield, Calif.
Dodworth, Allen, 1888, Dancing and Its Relations To Education and Social Life, Harper & Brothers, N.Y.
Driver, Ian, 2000, A Century of Dance, Hamlyn, London.
Ericksen, Julia A., 2011, Dance with Me, Ballroom Dancing and the Promise of Instant Intimacy, NY Univ Press, N.Y.
Gilbert, M. B., 1890, Round Dancing, Portland, Me.
Giordano, Ralph G., 2007, Social Dancing in America, A History and Reference, Volume One, Fair Terpsichore to the Ghost Dance, 1607 -- 1900, Greenwood Press, Westport, Conn.
Golden, Eve, 2007, Vernon and Irene Castle's Ragtime Revolution, University Press of Kentucky, Lexington KY.
Harris, Jane A. et al., 1988, Dance A While, Macmillan Publ, N.Y.
Hering, Doris, ed., 1954, 25 Years Of American Dance, Rudolf Orthwine, Dance Magazine, N.Y.
Joseph, James, 2010, Every Man's Survival Guide To Ballroom Dancing, BlueChip Publishers, Jackson Hole, Wyo.
Lawson, Joan, 1955, European Folk Dance, Its National and Musical Characteristics, Pitman & Sons, Ltd., London.
Lihs, Harriet R., 2002, Appreciating Dance, A Guide to the World's Liveliest Art, Dance Horizons, Princeton Book Co., Hightstown, NJ.
Malnig, Julie, 1992, Dancing Till Dawn, A Century of Exhibiion Ballroom Dance, N.Y. Univ Press, N.Y.
Martin, John, 1963, John Martin's Book of the Dance, Tudor Publ. Co., N.Y.
Moore, Alex, 2002, Ballroom Dancing, Routledge, N.Y.
Murray, Arthur, 1959, How To Become A Good Dancer, Simon & Schuster, N.Y.
Nettl, Paul, 1947, The Story of Dance Music, 1969 reprint, Greenwood Press, N.Y.
Ohanians, D. & O., 2002, Latin Dancing, Sterling Publ, N.Y.
Paz, Alberto & Valorie Hart, 2008, Gotta Tango, Human Kinetics, Inc., Champaign, Ill.
Pozo, Cal, 2007, Let's Dance, Hatherleigh Press, N.Y.
Quirey, Belinda, 1993 (orig. 1976), May I Have the Pleasure? The Story of Popular Dancing, Dance Books, London.
Richardson, Philip J.S., 1946?, A History of Engllish Ballroom Dancing (1910 – 45), The Story of the Development of the Modern English Style, Herbert Jenkins Ltd., London.
Roundalab, 2008, Standards for Round Dancing, The International Association of Round Dance Teachers, Inc., 1998, 2003, and current Web-based edition.
Sachs, Curt, 1937, World History of the Dance, W.W. Norton, NY, 1963.
Seagull, Elizabeth A. & Arthur A. Seagull, 2008, Ballroom Dancing Is Not for Sissies, An R-Rated Guide for Partnership,
Shaw, Lloyd, 1949, The Round Dance Book, Caxton Printers, Caldwell, Idaho.
Silvester, Victor, 1949, Old Time Dancing, Herbert Jenkins Ltd. London.
Silvester, Victor, 1950, Sequence Dancing, Herbert Jenkins Ltd. London.
Silvester, Victor, 1977, 1997 reprint, Modern Ballroom Dancing, Trafalgar Square Publ., North Pomfret, Vt.
Silvester, Victor, and Walter Whitman, 1967, The Complete Old Time Dancer, Herbert Jenkins Ltd. London.
Smith, Karen Lynn, 2010, Popular Dance, From Ballroom to Hip-Hop, Chelsea House Publ., N.Y.
Spencer, Peggy, ISTD, 1992, Teach Yourself Ballroom Dancing, NTC Publ, Chicago Ill.
Stephenson, Richard M., & Joseph Iaccarino, 1980, The Complete Book of Ballroom Dancing , Doubleday, N.Y.
Stier, Roy & Phyllis, Round About, published in Cue Sheet Magazine, 1987–1992, and compiled by Bob & Jeanne Granger, July, 1993. (The full series of articles is collected in an 86-pg booklet, available for $30.00 plus postage. E-mail Fran Kropf at Also here.
Taylor, Julie, 1998, Paper Tangos, Duke Univ. Press, Durham, N.C.
Thompson, Robert Farris, 2005, Tango, The Art History of Love, Pantheon Books, N.Y.
URDC, 2005, Technical Dance Manual, The Universal Round Dance Council (now, ICBDA).
Vianna, Hermano, 1995, ed. and trans. by John Charles Chasteen, 1999, The Mystery of Samba, Popular Music & National Identity in Brazil, The University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill.
Wallace, Carol McD. et al., 1986, Dance, A Very Social History, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, N.Y.
Wright, Judy Patterson, 1992, Social Dance, Steps to Success, Leisure Press, Champaign, Ill.
Zimmerer, Eric, 2003, Shall We Dance, Ace of Hearts Publishing, Sunnyvale, Calif.
Zona, Christine & Chris George, 2008, Gotta Ballroom, Human Kinetics, Champaign Ill.

We have tried to credit our sources, but if you find any material of yours being used in a way that you do not appreciate, please let us know, and we will remove it.

Alphabetical Index to
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Glossary of Terms
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Fred Astaire
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Sources Harold Sears
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